Culture & ReligionKnow Nepal

Culture of Nepal

Nepal, nestled in the heart of the Himalayas, boasts a captivating cultural mosaic that weaves together ancient traditions, ethnic diversity, and spiritual fervor. Let’s embark on a journey through this enchanting land

The culture of Nepal encompasses the various cultures belonging to the 125 distinct ethnic groups present in Nepal. The culture of Nepal is expressed through music and dance; art and craft; folklore; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks.

The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepalis a rich country in terms of cultural heritage. Nepalese culture represents a fusion of Indo-Aryan and Tibeto-Mongolian influences

Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. The capital city Kathmandu enjoys a rich tapestry of cultures blending to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century. A prominent factor in a Nepali’s everyday life is religion.

Nepal is a country of several indigenous and ethnic groups that have distinct arts, cultures, and religions. Adding color to the lives of Nepalis are festivals the year round which they celebrate with much pomp and ceremony. Food plays an important role in the celebration of these festivals.

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Dance and Music

Legends state that dances in the Indian subcontinent originated in the abode of Lord Shiva — the Himalayas and the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal — where he performed the tandava dance.

This indicates that dance traditions of Nepal are very ancient. With altitudes and ethnicity, the dances of Nepal slightly change in style as well as in the costumes. The Dishka, a dance performed at weddings, includes intricate footwork and arm movements.

Languages and Literature

As per the 2011 census, 123 languages are spoken in Nepal. Nepal’s linguistic heritage has evolved from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and indigenous.

The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as mother tongue) are Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri (6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Magar (3%) and Bajjika (3%).

The official language of Nepal is Nepali, formerly called Khas-Kura, then Gorkhali. According to the 2011 national census, the percentage of Nepali speaking people is about 44.6%. Maithili is the second most spoken language in Nepal at 11.67%.

Religions and Philosophy

Hinduism is the predominant religion in Nepal, with 81.6% of the population adhering to it. Many Hindu temples and sacred sites are scattered across the country. Buddhism is also significant, practiced by about 9% of the population. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, is a revered pilgrimage site.

Other religious groups include followers of Islam (4.2%) and the indigenous Kirant religion (3.6%). Nepalese philosophical thought is influenced by both Hindu and Buddhist traditions, including elements of Kashmir Shaivism, the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism, and tantric practices.

Architecture and Archeology

Nepal Sumpada Sangha (Nepal Heritage Society) has compiled an inventory of 1,262 significant architectural and archeological sites in Nepal outside Kathmandu Valley. Nepali art is as old as Nepali culture despite the fact that we can only find the sculptures of fourth century A.D., the point of time in Lichchhabi period.

Festivals and Celebrations

Several of the festivals of Nepal last from one to several days. Dashain & Tihar are the longest and the most important festival in Nepal. Generally Dashain falls in late September to mid-October, right after the end of the monsoon season.

It is “a day of Victory over Demons”. The Newars celebrate the festival as Mohani. Tihar or Swanti and Chhath are other important festivals in Nepal. New Year’s Day of the lunar calendar Nepal Sambat occurs at this time.

Sherpas, mostly located at higher altitudes and in the Mount Everest region, celebrate Mani Rimdu, for the good of the world. Most festivals include dancing and music, and a variety of foods are consumed during festivals and on special occasions.

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Nepal is an independent country in Southern Asia, between the Tibet autonomous region of China and India. It contains 8 of the world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest - the world's tallest - on the border with Tibet, and Lumbini, the birth place of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. A monarchy for hundreds of years, Nepal was declared a republic in June 2008. Hinduism and Buddhism co-exist here peacefully. Mt. Everest, Pashupatinath, Lumbini, Boudhanath, Janakpur Dham, and Chitwan National Park are some of the many attractions. In 2004, Nepal Trekking was established and promoting the Nepal Tourism. Nepal Treking is a travel information provider side where Nepalese travel related agencies are affiliated To view more about Nepal, please go through the related pages and if you want further details, please don't hesitate to contact us.

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