Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is the 49th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. The entire distance from east to west is about 800 km while from north to south is only 150 to 250 km.

However, in fact, although occupying just 0.1% of the earth’s surface. Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation.

Nepal is topographically divided into three main regions. There are Himalayan region, Hilly region, and the Terai region. Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia with China in the north and India in the south, east, and west. The country occupies 147,181 sq. km of land and lies between coordinates approximately 28°N and 84°E. Nepal falls in the temperate zone north of the Tropic of Cancer.

The perennial rivers include Mahakali, Karnali, Narayani, and Koshi rivers originating in the Himalayas. Medium-sized rivers like Babai, West Rapti, Bagmati, Kamla, Kankai, and Mechi originate in the Midlands and Mahabharat range.

The highest point is Mt. Everest (8,848m) in the north and the lowest point (70 m above sea level) is located at Kechana Kalan of Jhapa District. Altitude increases as you travel south to north. Int eh north temperatures are below 40 degrees Celsius and in the Terai, temperatures rise to 40 degrees Celsius in the summer. During June July and August, the kingdom is influenced by monsoon clouds.

Physical features of Kathmandu.

Kathmandu is in the northwestern part of the Kathmandu Valley to the north of the Bagmati River and covers an area of 50.7 km2 (19.6 sq mi). The average elevation is 1,400 meters (4,600 ft) above sea level. Kathmandu has the densest UNESCO listed World Heritage Sites among the capitals of the world.

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