If you want to quench your thirst for nature, Chitwan National Park is the ideal place to go. Nepal’s first and most famous national park is situated in Chitwan. The Park is a world heritage property, and it also contains a Ramsar Site (Beeshazari Tal) in its buffer zone. The CNP has a history of over 3 decades in park management and rich experience in resolving conflicts between the park and the people.
The Park is Nepal’s first national park and lies at the foot of the Mahabharat range. Covering an area of 932 sq. km this is the most well-preserved conservation area in all of Asia. The reserve was designated a national park in 1973 and was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
At the foot of the Himalayas, Chitwan is one of the few remaining undisturbed vestiges of the ‘Terai’ region, which formerly extended over the foothills of India and Nepal. It has a particularly rich flora and fauna. One of the last populations of single-horned Asiatic rhinoceros lives in the park, which is also one of the last refuges of the Bengal tiger.
Chitwan National Park is the closest and the ideal place to go for a wildlife safari. Witness real wilderness in the jungles of Chitwan: go for a jeep safari in the depths of the forest or ride a silent canoe and catch wildlife by surprise. Go for a jungle walk accompanied by an experienced guide who knows the jungle like the back of his hand.
History of Chitwan National Park
Nestled at the foot of the Himalayas, Chitwan has a particularly rich flora and fauna and is home to one of the last populations of single-horned Asiatic rhinoceros and is also one of the last refuges of the Bengal Tiger. Chitwan National Park (CNP), established in 1973, was Nepal’s first National Park. Located in the Southern Central Terai of Nepal, it formerly extended over the foothills, the property covers an area of 93,200 hectares, extends over four districts: Chitwan, Nawalparasi, Parsa and Makwanpur.
Flora & Fauna at Chitwan National Park
It has a particularly rich flora and fauna. Grasslands cover 20 percent of the Park. There are more than 50 different types of grasses, including the elephant grass (Saccharum spp), renowned for its immense height. It can grow up to 8m in height. The park is home to more than 50 mammal species, over 525 birds, and 55 amphibians and reptiles. The park is especially renowned for its protection of One Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger and Gharial Crocodile.
Animals. Chitwan boasts 68 different species of mammals, including rhinos, tigers, deer, monkeys, elephants, leopards, sloth bears, wild boar, and hyenas.
Facilities at Chitwan National Park
The park offers interesting sites and activities. The at the visiter centers at Sauraha provides fascinating information on wildlife and conservation programs. The women’s user groups souvenir shop offers verities of handicrafts and other local products for gifts. Elephant safari provides an opportunity to get a closer view of endangered one horn rhinoceros. Elephant breeding center in Khorsor sauraha gives information on a domesticated elephant. The museum at Kasara, the park headquarters, has an Orphan animal center and informative display. Bikram Baba, a Hindu religious is near HQ. A short walk (1km) from park HQ there are Gharial Breeding Centre, Vultures conservation center and Turtle Conservation center.
Things to do in Chitwan National Park
Chitwan District, 5th largest city of Nepal is full of adventure. Chitwan is popular for Jungle activities, Pilgrimages tours, Water activities, and Cultural variations.
Best time to visit Chitwan National Park
The best time to visit Chitwan National Park for wildlife sightings is during the bakingly hot months of April and May, when animals head for the dwindling waterholes, just before the monsoon rains make roads impassable. For milder weather, come from late September to March, and whenever you plan to visit, read our recommendations for things to do and expert advice from our savvy holiday specialists.
How to get to Chitwan National Park
There are several ways to get to Chitwan National Park. The most popular one is to take a bus. Air travel is also an option especially if you are short of time. Besides you can book a tour package that includes private transport to Chitwan National Park, which is more flexible.
Note that to reach Chitwan National Park, you must first travel to Sauraha, a small town outside the park that serves as a tourist hub with hotels and restaurants.
Private car transfer from Kathmandu to Chitwan can be a more comfortable and relaxing experience than by bus.
Entrance fee to Chitwan National Park
Now the entrance fee for the park has been raised from Rs 113 to Rs 150 for each Nepali, from Rs 847.50 to Rs 1,000 for each national from SAARC countries, and from Rs 1,695 to Rs 2,000 for other tourists.
The park is one of the glorious recognition of the country and full of varieties of natural resources thereby maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of the present and future generations. Well, the destination for tourism and ecotourism.