Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies on the floodplains of the Sapta Koshi River in the south-eastern Terai. The Reserve was gazetted in 1976 to preserve habitat for the only remaining population of wild buffalo, Arna. The 176 sq. Km Reserve is Nepal’s smallest Reserve.
Flora and Fauna
The vegitation is mainly composed of tall grasslands. There are also patches of khair-sissoo forest and deciduoud mixed forest along the moist bank of the floodplain. Around 159 wild buffalo are preserved here. The reserve is also home to Gaur, hog deer, spotted deer, blue bull, Indian Fox, Gangetic Dolphin, Gharial Crocodile and Rock Python.
There are two types of accommodation available in Chitwan. While there are 40 Hotel / Lodges outside the park, few safari lodges are located inside the park. Price varies with choices of lodges.
How to get there?
Fly Kathmandu to Biratnagar and then drive for about 2 hrs to the Koshi Tappu wildlife reserve.It is 10 hrs (500 km)drive to Koshi Tappu by road.
Rare Bird Spoted in Koshi Tappu
Ornithologists have said they spotted a new species of bird in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, making the number of bird species spotted in Nepal 863.Sykes’s Nightjar, to which locals call Apurbas Chaite Chara, was spotted at Koshi Tappu few months ago. The bird was first spotted on the banks of the Koshi river, 3 km south of the Koshi Barrage on January 1 this year. Experts said it took five months to have it verified.The newly-spotted bird belongs to the Caprimulgidae family.Nightjars are small to medium-sized birds having long and pointed wings and gaping mouth with long bristles, meant to catch flying insects. Nightjars are nocturnal, with soft, owl-like patterned plumage.