Mustang has a long, rich
and complex history that masks it one of the most
interesting place in Nepal. The early history of Lo is
Surrounded in legend. Myth and mystery, But there are
records of events in Lo as early as the 8th century. It
is quite likely that the Tibetan poet Milarepa, who
lived from 1040 to 1123, visited Lo. Upper Mustang was
once part of Ngari, a name for far western Tibet. Ngari
was not a true political entity, but rather a loose
collection of feudal domains that also included parts of
Dolpo. By the 14th Century, much of Ngari, as well as
most of what today is western Nepal, was part of the
Malla empire governed from the capital at Sinja, near
Jumla. It is generally believed that Ame Pal (Ama-dpal
in Tibetan ) founded Lo in 1380 and was its first king.
The Ancestry of the present Mustang Raja can be traced
25 generations back to Ame Pal. Ame Pal, or perhaps his
father, conquered a large part of the territory in the
upper Kali Gandaki and was responsible for the
development of the city of Lo Manthang and many gompas.
To the west, the Malla empire declined and split into
numerous petty hill states. By the 18th century, Jumla
had consolidated and reasserted its power. In an effort
to develop their domain as a trading centre and to
obtain Tibetan goods, the rulers of Jumla turned their
attention eastward. In the mid-18th century they assumed
control over Lo, from which they extracted as annual
tribute. When he ascended the throne in 1762, prithvi
Narayan Shah began to consolidated what is present-day
nepal. At the time of his death, the kingdom extended
from Gorkha eastward to the borders of Sikkim. His
descendants directed their efforts westward and by 1789,
Jumla had been annexed. The Gorkha armies never actually
entered Lo; they recognized the rule of the Mustang
Raja. Although Mustang became par of Nepal, the raja
retained his title and Lo retained a certain amount of
autonomy. Lo maintained its status as a separate
principality until 1951. After the Rana rulers were
overthrown and king Tribhuvan reestablished the rule of
the Shah monarchs on 15 February 1951, Lo was more
closely consolidated into Nepal. The raja was given the
honorary rank of colonel in the Nepal army.
During the 1960s, after the Dalai lama had fled to India
and Chiness armies established control over Tibet,
Mustang was a centre for guerrilla operations against
the Chinese. The soldiers were the Khampas, Tibet’s most
fearsome warriors, who were backed by the CIA (some
Khampas were secretly trained in the USA). At the height
of the fighting there were at least 6000khampas in
Mustang and neighboring border areas. The CIA’s support
ended in the early 1970s when the USA, under Kissinger
and Nixon, Initiated new and Better relations with the
Chinese. The government of Nepal was pressed to take
action against the guerrillas and, making use of
internal divisions within the Khampa leadership, a bit
of treachery and the Dalai Lama’s taped advice for his
citizens to lay down their arms, it managed to disband
the resistance without committing to action the 10,000
Nepali troops that had been sent to the area.
Though Mustang was closed, the vovernment allowed a few
researchers into the area.Toni hagen included Mustang in
his survey of the entire kindom of Nepal, and the
Italian scholar Giuseppe Tucci visited in the autumn of
1952. Professor David Snellgrove travelled to the gegion
in 1956 but did not visit Lo Manthang. Longtime Nepal
resident Barbara Adams travelled to Mustang during the
autumn of 1963.The most complete description of the area
is Mustang, the Forbidden Kingdom, written by Michel
Peissel, who spent several months in the area in the
spring of 1964, Dr Harka Bahadur Gurung also visited and
wrote about upper Mustang in October 1973. A number of
groups legally travelled to upper Mustang during the
1980s by obtaining permission to climb Bhrikuti (6364),
south-east of Lo Manthang. Other than a few special royal
guests, the first legal trekkers were allowed into
Mustang in March 1992 upon payment of a high fee for a
special trekking permit.
Only camping trek allowed:
Completely closed to foreign trekkers until 1991,
Mustang is an ancient Himalayan Kingdom. Inside the
walled city of Lo Manthang are some of the largest
Tibetan Buddhist gompas in Nepal. A difficult trek
because of high altitude, exposed terrain and continual
Trekking Destination :
Minimum altitude : 2810m.
Maximum altitude : 4,100m. (Ghar Gumba)
Season : Spring & Autumn
Accommodation : Tented Camp
Duration : 17 Days
Minimum group size: 2 pax
Day 01: Arrive Kathmandu &
Transfer to Hotel.
Day 02: Full day guided sightseeing around of the
Kathmandu valley. Join us for the welcome dinner at
Day 03: Fly to Pokhara. Free to explore its attractions.
Day 04: Fly to Jomsom (2,700m), trek to Kagbeni (2,800m)
(4 hrs) Camp
Day 05: Trek Kagbeni to Chhukasang (3,060m) (5-6 hrs). Camp.
Day 06: Trek Chhukasang to Samar (3,570m) (7-8 hrs). Camp.
Day 07: Trek Samar to Dhakmar (3,560m) (6-7 hrs). Camp.
Day 08: Trek Dhakmar to Tsarang (3,840m) (4-5 hrs).
Day 09: Trek Tsarang to Lo-Manthang (3,840m). Camp.
Day 10: Trek Lo-Manthang (Visit Eastern and Western
Day 11: Trek Lo-Manthang to Yara. (6 hrs). Camp.
Day 12: Trek Yara to Tangy (2,600m) (8 hrs). Camp.
Day 13: Trek Tangy to Tetang (2,600m).
Day 14: Trek Tetang to Muktinath (3,600m) (5 hrs). Camp.
Day 15: Trek Muktinath To Jomsom (2700m)(4 hrs). Camp.
Day 16: Flight Jomsom - Pokhara - Kathmandu.
Day 17: Free day to explore, and enjoy Kathmandu.
Day 18: Final Departure.
Supporting field staffs including professional Sherpa
trekking guide, cook, kitchen boy, porters as well as
their necessary insurance, meals and allowances
Restricted area entrance permits fee for Upper Mustang
which cost US$ 500.00 per Person
Annapurna conservation Area Project entrance permit
in Kathmandu and Pokhara B/B Basis.
Meals and accommodation
in Kathmandu and Pokhara
Personal equipment sleeping bag, Down jacket,
waterproof jacket, kit bag etc. (you can rent them in Kathmandu at a cost of US$ 1 per item for day)
Kathmandu airport departure tax
Travel / medical insurance and emergency evacuation
Personal expenses such as laundry, telephone calls,
alcoholic beverages, bottled drinks (including cold
drinks and mineral water), tips etc.
I extend my holiday?
Mustang Trekking can extend and there are many options
and choices to extend your holiday before or after your
main trip. Following trips are suggested for your
• 2 nights / 3 days Chitwan Jungle Safari
• 2 fulll day sightseeing tour in Bhaktapur, Patan
Durbar Square and Kathmandu valley
• 1night/2 days Trisuli or Bhote Kosi river rafting
• Everest mountain flight.
Tiji is believed to have started around the time
of Lowo khenchen and continued with great pomp
and fervor in the few centuries thereafter. It
thus became one of the main festivals of Lo. The
country at that time was flourishing, food was
plentiful, and Buddhist religion .
Upper Mustang Trekking.
Trekking in Upper Mustang was officially opened in
1992. It allows limited numbers of trekkers each
year in order to protect and conserve the local
Tibetan tradition and the fragile environment. A
trek into this fabled forbidden kingdom of vast,
arid valleys, eroded canyons, ochre
valley, yak.....Read More
Lower Mustang Trekking.
Mustang region occupies the southern fringes of
the Tibetan plateau and is dominated by
Himalayan peaks such as Annapurna and Dhaulagiri.
This classic and rewarding trek takes us to the
border of one of the most remote kingdoms on
earth, within a reasonable timeframe and without
ascending to extreme altitude...
Around Mustang Valley Trekking.
Around Mustang Valley trekking is one of Nepal's
most mysterious and least known kingdoms. The
landscape of Mustang is a barren moonscape of
eroded sandstone pillars and discontinuous
moraine terraces, which together present a
colorful mosaic made up principally of earthen
reds, yellows and brown.
Damodar Kund Trekking.
Damodar Kund (lake) is famous for Hindu
religion, it is situated rain shadow are of High
Himalayas north of Annapurna range. The
elevation of the Damodar Kunda is just 4890
meters; it is cold and windy place.
nepalvisitors.com will recommend to you visit
during the full moon of august every year,
Mustang Gate Trekking.
Flying from Kathmandu to Pokhara we begin our
trek across the foothills of the Himalaya,
through small villages, terraced hillsides,
rhododendron and bamboo forests, ascending to
Ghorapani and Poon Hill for splendid dawn views
of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna. At Tatopani, famous
for its hot springs.
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Nepal Upper Mustang.
lying in the rain shadow of the Himalayas is
perhaps the last enclave of pristine Tibetan
culture. Forbidden & isolated from the rest of
the World it was able to evolve its own
distinctive culture and traditional which is so
rich & unique. climbinginnepal.com
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