Kathmandu Durbar Square ( “UNESCO World Heritage Site“) also known as Hanuman Dhoka Square is one of the major attractions in Kathmandu Valley. Most of the cultural centers of Nepal are concentrated around the Kathmandu valley; among those cultural sites, the important one is the Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square. The name Hanuman-dhoka Durbar came from the statue of Hanuman established by the King Pratap Malla at the entrance of the royal palace in 1672 A.D. storeyed residence built by King Prithvi Narayan shah in 1770,is called Basantapur Durbar(palace). The whole complex is also known as Kathmandu Durbar Square. Located at the heart of ancient city in Kathmandu it is srounding both Hindu and Buddhist temple. Most of them are built in the pagoda style embellished with intricately carved exteriors as well as Most of the buildings we see here date from 15th to 18th century . The Durbar Square, with its old temples, palaces, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. The major Interesting things to see here are “Kumari (The Living Goddess) Gar” “Kastha Mandap”Maru Ganesh, Mahadev Temple, Shiva Parvati Temple, Bhagwati Temple, Old palace, Saraswoti temple, Krishna Octangular Temple, Big drums, Kal Bhairav, Jagannath Temple, and Taleju Temple etc..
The Durbar Square are is actually made up of two sub-areas. The outer complex is renowned for numerous interesting temples as Kumari Ghar , Kasthamandap , Shiv-Parbati Temple, Jagannath Temple, Big Bell etc ,while the inner complex comprises the old palace area ,Hanuman-dhoka and its courtyards as Nasal Chowk, Mul Chok, Sundari Chowk, Basantapur Durbar and other. Besides the magnificent temples and shrines, it has other interesting aspects are various festivals , cultural activities and traditions people are following from centuries, which are presented in the Durbar Square. The major festivals include Indrajatra, Dashain, Gaaijatra, Machchhindra-nath jatra ets. These are the occasion when the people from all over the city gather here to mark their centuries old traditions. All the carving and architecture in this area are exceptionally fine which make the architecture in this Hanuman-dhoka Durbar square among the most important sights for travelers to see..
Some of the important monuments to be seen here are:
1. Taleju temple- tallest of all structures built by king Mahendra Malla in 1549 A.D.
2. Jagannath temple- built in the 16th century, known for fascinating erotic figures carving I the wooden struts eaves.
3. Kal Bhairav- one of the largest stone idol in Kathmandu representing the terrifying aspects of Shiva.
4. Statue of King Pratap Malla in praying gesture to Digu Taleju the royal family deity right across.
5. Kumari Ghar- 17th century Kumari temple, an example of the highly developed Nepalese temple craft.
6. Kasthamandap- built from the timber of a single tree.
7. The Kathmandu City derives its name from Kasthamandap.
Besides this other fascinating part of this palace complex is the towering Nautale Durbar overlooking the beautiful cityscape and the vast Basantapur square where Prithivi Narayan Shah built mansion to commemorate his victory in 1768 A.D. This building complex is known for the most intricately carved wooden doorways roof struts and massive lattice windows full of mythical figures.
Entrance fee for the Kathmandu Durbar Square:
The entrance fee for Kathmandu durbar square has shot up in price during 2015. The current fee for foreigners is 1000NRS. Ticket booths are at all the main entrance points into the square. A Kathmandu Durbar square ticket is only valid for that day! To avoid having to pay daily rates bring your passport and a photo to the tourism office inside Durbar square (beside the Kumari residence) and purchase a long-stay ticket that’s valid for the duration of your visa. If you are staying or passing through via Freak Street, New Road. Kathmandu durbar square is recommenced as walking around it to avoid fees can be annoying. There are no other charges within Kathmandu Durbar Square aside from the museum which is now included in the new ticketing price. It is possible to sneak past the ticket booths. Just don’t act like a tourist to do so. And don’t be surprised if you get caught and are made to buy a ticket!
Contact telephone number of Kathmandu Durbar Square tourist office: +977 1 4268969